Best Cancer Samiksha 2024

Cancer: Janiye Is Rog Ki Pehchaan, Karan, aur Upchar

Parichay (introduction)

Cancer(CA) ek sankramak rog hai jo kisi bhi ang ya bhag mein ho sakta hai. Isme sharir ke cells aniyamit roop se badhna shuru kar dete hain aur samanya roop se kaam karna band kar dete hain. Yeh rog jeevan ko khatare mein daal sakta hai aur vyakti ke shareerik aur mansik sthiti ko prabhavit kar sakta hai. Jald se jald ilaaj shuru kar dena uchit hai.

Lakshan (Symptoms)

 Cancer(CA) ek sankramak rog hai jo kisi bhi ang ya bhag mein ho sakta hai. Iski pehchaan karna kabhi kabhi mushkil ho sakta hai, kyunki iske lakshan aspashth bhi ho sakte hain aur doosre samasyaon ke lakshanon se milte julte bhi ho sakte hain. Yeh kuch aam lakshan ho sakte hain:

  1. Vajan Kam Hona: Bina kisi wajah ke vajan mein giraavat ka ehsaas.
  2. Saans Lene Mein Pareshani: Achanak saans lene mein pareshani ya thakan ka anubhav, jo bina kisi wajah ke ho.
  3. Pet Mein Dard: Pet mein dard ya dabav ka anubhav, jo samay ke saath badh sakta hai.
  4. Gale Mein Kharash: Lagatar gale mein kharash, khansi, ya gale mein sujan ka aana.
  5. Ghaav Jo Thik Nahin Hota: Ghaav jo thik nahin hota hai ya jo samay se bharta nahin hai.
  6. Anyayamit Lakshan: Anyayamit bukhar, sharir mein dard ya kathorata, ya anya asamanya parivartan.

Yeh lakshan CA ke prakar aur sthiti par nirbhar karte hain. Kabhi kabhi vyakti ko lagta hai ki yeh samasya samanya ho sakti hai, lekin yadi kisi ko in lakshanon ka anubhav hota hai, to doctor se jald se jald sampark karna uchit hai.

Karan (Causes)

Cancer ke hone ka karan kai prakar ke hote hain. Yeh kuch mukhya karan hote hain:

  1. Genetic Mutations: Genetic parivartan ya mutations CA ka pramukh karan ho sakte hain. Yeh janmjaat bhi ho sakte hain ya jivan bhar ke exposure ke karan hote hain.
  2. Pradhushan: Pradhushan ke prabhav se yukt khanij padarth, jal, hawa, ya kisi bhi tatha prakritik sanrachna ke sampark mein aane se ka khatra badh sakta hai.
  3. Dhoomrapaan aur Sharab: Cigarette, bidi, aur anya tobacco utpaadon ka sevan karne se lung CA hone ka khatra badh jata hai. Sharab peena bhi kai prakar ke CA ka karan ban sakta hai.
  4. Atyadhik Vajan: Atyadhik vajan ya obesity bhi kai prakar ke CA ka karan ho sakta hai, jaise breast CA, colon CA, aur prostate cancer.
  5. Avyavasthit Bhojan: Aahar mein poshak tatvon ki kami ya avyavastha bhi cancer ke hone ka karan ban sakti hai.
  6. Vyayam Ki Kami: Vyayam ki kami bhi  ka CA karan ho sakti hai. Regular vyayam karne se cancer ke khatre ko kam kiya ja sakta hai.

Prakar (Types)

Cancer kai prakar ke hote hain aur har prakar ke CA ke alag-alag lakshan hote hain. Kuch pramukh prakar hain:

  1. Breast Cancer: Yeh mahilaon mein sabse pramukh hai aur stan ke ilaake mein hota hai.
  2. Lung Cancer: Yeh dhoomrapaan ke karan hota hai aur shvasan ya oxygen supply ko niyantrit karta hai.
  3. Prostate Cancer: Yeh purushon mein hota hai aur purush ke prostate gland mein viksit hota hai.
  4. Colon Cancer: Yeh badi aant mein hota hai aur pachan tantra ke prakriya ko prabhavit karta hai.
  5. Skin Cancer: Yeh chamdi ke upar hota hai aur suraj ki kirnon ke prabhav se hota hai.
  6. Blood Cancer: Yeh rakt mein hota hai aur rakt ke utpadan mein badlav karta hai.

Upchar (Treatment)

Cancer ka upchar prakar par nirbhar karta hai. Aksar, upchar mein surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, aur immunotherapy ka upayog kiya jata hai. Yeh upchar CA ke prakar, sthiti, aur vyakti ke sthoolakar par nirbhar karta hai.

  1. Surgery: Agar ek sthiti mein surakshit hai aur sthoolakar hai, to surgery ek pramukh upchar ho sakta hai. Isme cancerous tumor ko nikal diya jata hai.
  2. Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy dawaon ka upayog karta hai jo CA cells ko nasht karne ke liye banaye gaye hote hain.
  3. Radiation Therapy: Radiation therapy mein high-energy rays ka upayog kiya jata hai jisse CA cells nasht kiye ja sakte hain.
  4. Immunotherapy: Immunotherapy CA ko rokne ya niyantrit karne ke liye sharir ke svayam ki pratirodhak kshamta ko badhata hai.

Kuch cases mein, Ayurveda, Homeopathy, aur anya prakritik upchar bhi istemal kiye jaate hain. Iske alawa, swasth jivan shaili, poshtik aahar, aur regular check-ups bhi CA se bachaav mein mahatvapurna hote hain. Jivan shaili mein parivartan, sharab aur dhoomrapaan ka tyag, poshtik aahar, aur regular vyayam cancer se bachaav mein mahatvapurna hote hain.

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